Assessment Books

By tracing a name through the tax records, one might be able to determine when an ancestor moved into an area, left a township, married or died.

Although the exact form of the tax records may have varied from year to year, most of them provide such data as the name of the taxable inhabitant (usually male), the number of acres owned by the person and the amount of the assessment or tax. Also noted may be the taxpayer's occupation, the number of horses and cattle owned, and, occasionally, information about the structures on the property.

Within each township, the names of taxable persons commonly are listed in alphabetical order under two categories. First, you will find the names of married landholders or of their estates. If a person died within the year prior to the date of the record, the notation "Est." or "Estate" may be made after his name or the widow's name might be given as the taxpayer. This designation may appear in the tax records for several years after the death of the landholder until the estate no longer was responsible for payment of the taxes on the property. At the end of the enumeration for a particular township will be the names of unmarried, single men aged 21 years or older who did not own real estate. This section often is headed by the designation "freemen." Such individuals paid an established fee not based on a property assessment. When you observe that the name of a single man moves from the "freemen" list one year to the landholder list the next, you may assume that the man married within the year.

Many of the township assessment records also contained a section entitled "poor children." This section lists the name of the father (and sometimes the mother) and the children and ages who they could not afford to school. You can use tax lists to trace ancestors who might otherwise be undocumented.

The earliest tax list that has been found, covering what is now Bradford County, was made for “Up the River District,” County of Westmoreland, Connecticut, in 1776. The “Up The River District” was the settled upper section of the Susquehanna River Valley, in what is now Bradford, Wyoming and upper Luzerne Counties (Source: Clement F. Heverly). There were sixty taxables on the 1776 list and thirty-two on the 1777 list. The lists for 1776 and 1777 are here given. Both lists are dated August of that year. Click on each year to go to the list.

At the bottom of this page is a list of tax assessment books that are available.

An example of a page from the Assessment Books:

Following is a list of tax assessment books that are available and missing. The year following the name is the year that the township or borough was established.

Alba Borough - 1864  
Available: 1865-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940

Albany Township - 1824
Available: 1824-1981 
Missing: 1851, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Armenia Township - 1843
Available: 1843-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1950, 1955

Asylum Township - 1814  
Available: 1816-1981 
Missing: 1815, 1818, 1820, 1835, 1890, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Athens Borough – 1st Ward - 1831/1895 
Available: 1832-1981 
Missing: 1849, 1850, 1893

Athens Borough – 2nd Ward - 1895  
Available: 1895-1981  
Missing: None

Athens Borough – 3rd Ward 1895  
Available: 1895-1981  
Missing: None

Athens Borough – 4th Ward 1901  
Available: 1901-1981 
Missing: None

Athens Township - 1797  
Available: 1813-1981 
Missing: 1817

Barclay Township - 1867  
Available: 1868-1966 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1945, 1950, 1955

Burlington Borough - 1867  
Available: 1855-1981 
Missing: 1900, 1924, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Burlington Township - 1802     
Available: 1804, 1813-1981
Missing: 1852, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940

Canton Borough – 1st Ward - 1864/1914 
Available: 1865-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Canton Borough – 2nd Ward - 1914  
Available: 1914-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Canton Township - 1804  
Available: 1806, 1813-1981
Missing: 1855, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955 

Columbia Township - 1813  
Available: 1814-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955    

Durell Township - 1842-1859 
Available: 1844-1859 
Missing: 1843, 1849

Franklin Township - 1819  
Available: 1820-1981 
Missing: 1854, 1855, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955                   

Granville Township - 1831  
Available: 1832-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955        

Herrick Township - 1838  
Available: 1838-1981 
Missing: 1890, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955       

LeRaysville Borough - 1863  
Available: 1864-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

LeRoy Township - 1835  
Available: 1836-1981 
Missing: 1837, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Litchfield Township - 1821  
Available: 1824-1981 
Missing: 1858, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Monroe Borough - 1855  
Available: 1856-1981 
Missing: 1857, 1859, 1861, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Monroe Township - 1821  
Available: 1822-1981 
Missing: 1827, 1828, 1830, 1832, 1834-1840, 1845-1849, 1857, 1868, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

New Albany Borough - 1879  
Available: 1880-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Orwell Township - 1802  
Available: 1804, 1813-1981
Missing: 1820-1825, 1828, 1831, 1926, 1933, 1936, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Overton Township - 1853  
Available: 1854-1981
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Pike Township - 1813  
Available: 1813-1981 
Missing: 1824, 1844, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Ridgebury Township - 1818  
Available: 1819-1981 
Missing: 1862, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Rome Borough - 1858  
Available: 1868-1981 
Missing: 1870, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Rome Township - 1831  
Available: 1832-1981 
Missing: 1834-1840, 1842-1844, 1848, 1849, 1852-1860, 1863, 1865, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Rush Township - 1801  
Available: 1802
Missing:

Sayre Borough – 1st Ward - 1891  
Available: 1892-1981 
Missing: None

Sayre Borough – 2nd Ward - 1895  
Available: 1892-1981 
Missing: None

Sayre Borough – 3rd Ward - 1895  
Available: 1895-1981 
Missing: None

Sayre Borough – 4th Ward - 1901  
Available: 1901-1981 
Missing: None

Sayre Borough – 5th Ward - 1925  
Available: 1925-1981 
Missing: None

Sheshequin Township - 1820    
Available: 1821-1981 
Missing: 1822, 1839, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Smithfield Township - 1804-10 era 
Available: 1813-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

South Creek Township - 1835  
Available: 1836-1981 
Missing: 1880, 1928, 1930, 1933, 1938, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

South Waverly Borough - 1878  
Available: 1879-1981 
Missing: None

Springfield Township - 1813  
Available: 1814-1981 
Missing: None

Standing Stone Township - 1841  
Available: 1842-1981 
Missing: 1890, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Stevens Township - 1926  
Available: 1929-1981 
Missing: 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Terry Township - 1859  
Available: 1860-1981 
Missing:1862-1867, 1872, 1890, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Tioga Township - 1790  
Available: 1796, 1799, 1808
Missing:

Towanda Borough – 1st Ward - 1826/1895 
Available: 1813-1981 
Missing: 1815-1817, 1819, 1830, 1831, 1940

Towanda Borough – 2nd Ward - 1895  
Available: 1895-1981 
Missing: None

Towanda Borough – 3rd Ward - 1895  
Available: 1895-1981 
Missing: None

Towanda Township - 1808  
Available: 1812-1981 
Missing: 1813, 1814, 1818, 1820-1829, 1830-1839, 1849, 1862, 1957, 1958

North Towanda Township - 1851  
Available: 1853-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Troy Borough - 1845  
Available: 1847-1981 
Missing: None

Troy Township - 1815   
Available: 1817-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1956

Tuscarora Township - 1830  
Available: 1831-1981 
Missing: 1832-1869, 1890-1898, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Ulster Township - 1797  
Available: 1802, 1813-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Warren Township - 1813  
Available: 1814-1981 
Missing: 1816, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Wells Township - 1813  
Available: 1814-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

West Burlington Township - 1855  
Available: 1856-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1936, 1940

Wilmot Township - 1849  
Available: 1851-1981 
Missing: 1870-1879, 1890, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Windham Township - 1813  
Available: 1814-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Wyalusing Borough - 1887  
Available: 1888-1981 
Missing: 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

Wyalusing Township - 1790  
Available: 1796, 1813-1981
Missing: 1945

Wysox Township - 1795  
Available: 1796,  1812-1981
Missing: 1839-1842, 1855, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955

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